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Title: Investigating acceptable level of travel demand before capacity enhancement for signalized urban road networks
Authors: Başkan, Özgür
Ceylan, Huseyin
Ozan, Cenk
Keywords: Total travel cost
Urban road networks
Signal timing optimization
Investment decisions
Abstract: Increasing travel demand in urban areas triggers traffic congestion and increases delay in road networks. In this context, local authorities that are responsible for traffic operations seek to strike a balance between traffic volume and capacity to reduce total travel time on road networks. Since signalized intersections are the most critical components of road networks in terms of safety and operational issues, adjusting intersection signal timings becomes an effective method for authorities. When this tool remains incapable of overcoming traffic congestions, authorities take expensive measures such as increasing link capacities, lane additions or applying grade-separated junctions. However, it may be more useful to handle road networks as a whole by investigating the effects of optimizing signal timings of all intersections in the network. Therefore, it would be useful to investigate the right time for capacity enhancement on urban road networks to avoid premature investments considering limited resources of local authorities. In this study, effects of increasing travel demand on Total Travel Cost (TTC) is investigated by developing a bi-level programming model, called TRAvel COst Minimizer (TRACOM), in which the upper level minimizes the TTC subject to the stochastic user equilibrium link flows determined at the lower level. The TRACOM is applied to Allsop and Charlesworths’ network for different common origin-destination demand multipliers. Results revealed that TTC values showed an approximate linear increase while the travel demand is increased up to 16%. After this value, TTC showed a sudden spike although the travel demand was linearly increased that means optimizing signal timings must be supported by applying capacity enhancement countermeasures.
ISSN: 1300-3453
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
TR Dizin İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / TR Dizin Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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