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Title: Comparison of constructed wetlands and package type sequencing batch biological treatment plants in rural areas in terms of efficiency and cost in a full-scale example
Authors: Akyürek, A.
Ağdağ, O.N.
Keywords: Constructed wetland
Package type biological treatment plants
Rural sites
Sequencing batch reactors
Batch reactors
Biochemical engineering
Biochemical oxygen demand
Biological water treatment
Energy utilization
Operating costs
Rural areas
Wastewater treatment
Biological treatment plants
Constructed wetland
Domestic wastewater
Package type biological treatment plant
Removal efficiencies
Rural site
Sequencing batch reactors
Treatment costs
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Constructed wetlands (CsW) are being frequently used nowadays for the treatment purpose of rural domestic wastewaters. In this study CsWs and sequencing batch reactor (SBR) package type biological treatment plants are compared in terms of treatment capacity, cost and efficiency in rural sites of Denizli City, Türkiye. Although initial investment costs are almost equal, CsWs are much superior on stability, efficiency, operational costs and labor requirements. In this full-scale study, biological oxygen demand (BOD5) removal efficiency was 92% in CsW, and 85% in SBR, while suspended solid (SS) removal efficiency was 88% in CsW and 81% in SBR. The investment and operating costs of CsW are 179,575–0.018 USD/cubic meters and 128,886–0.13 USD/cubic meters for SBR, respectively. The CsW method comes to the fore both in terms of low operating cost, energy consumption, and sustainability as well as increasing biological diversity and complying with discharge standards. Due to these advantages, CsW is preferred to SBR. © 2024
ISSN: 0925-8574
Appears in Collections:Mühendislik Fakültesi Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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